KEY SURGICAL TERMS
Your breast cancer surgeon (surgical oncologist) will discuss the type of breast cancer treatment you will need. It may be one or a combination of the procedures listed below.
Your options for breast reconstruction with depend on the type of treatment you receive.
Lumpectomy: removal of breast cancer tissue - but not the entire breast.
*some women who have a lumpectomy may opt for breast reconstruction if the cancer being removed is in a "cosmetically sensitive" area (around the nipple, etc.)
Mastectomy: removal of all breast tissue
- Nipple-Sparing Mastectomy: excision of breast tissue with preservation of the nipple-areolar complex (NAC)
- Skin Sparing ("Simple") Mastectomy: resection of all breast including the NAC, but skin envelope as possible
- Modified Radical Mastectomy: all breast tissue, some overlying skin, pectoralis muscles, and all lymph nodes
- Prophylactic Mastectomy: resection of a breast that does not have a diagnosis of cancer.
Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy: removal of one or a few lymph nodes closest to the cancer.
Axillary Lymphadenectomy: removal of many lymph nodes in the breast and armpit.
- Also known as a lymph node dissection